ViewPager嵌套Fragment時Fragment的生命週期問題

我是StackFlow的搬運工~

ViewPager嵌套Fragment的時候,Fragment的onResume()和onPause()不能很好的反應出Fragment的可見和不可見.網上也有網友說可以用setUserVisibleHint(boolean isVisibleToUser)方法來解決這個問題.但是~~~今天的這個解決方法有些不同,是以爲外國網友提供的.如下:

1) Create LifecycleManager Interface The interface will have two methods and each ViewPager’s Fragment will implement it. These methods Are as follows:

public interface FragmentLifecycle {

    public void onPauseFragment();
    public void onResumeFragment();

}

2) Let each Fragment implement the interface Add iplements statement for each class declaration:

public class FragmentBlue extends Fragment implements FragmentLifecycle
public class FragmentGreen extends Fragment implements FragmentLifecycle
public class FragmentPink extends Fragment implements FragmentLifecycle

3) Implement interface methods in each fragment In order to check that it really works as expected, I will just log the method call and show Toast:

@Override
public void onPauseFragment() {
    Log.i(TAG, "onPauseFragment()");
    Toast.makeText(getActivity(), "onPauseFragment():" + TAG, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show(); 
}

@Override
public void onResumeFragment() {
    Log.i(TAG, "onResumeFragment()");
    Toast.makeText(getActivity(), "onResumeFragment():" + TAG, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show(); 
}

4) Call interface methods on ViewPager page change You can set OnPageChangeListener on ViewPager and get callback each time when ViewPager shows another page:

pager.setOnPageChangeListener(pageChangeListener);

5) Implement OnPageChangeListener to call your custom Lifecycle methods

Listener knows the new position and can call the interface method on new Fragment with the help of PagerAdapter. I can here call onResumeFragment() for new fragment and onPauseFragment() on the current one.

I need to store also the current fragment’s position (initially the current position is equal to 0), since I don’t know whether the user scrolled from left to right or from right to left. See what I mean in code:

private OnPageChangeListener pageChangeListener = new OnPageChangeListener() {

    int currentPosition = 0;

    @Override
    public void onPageSelected(int newPosition) {

        FragmentLifecycle fragmentToShow = (FragmentLifecycle)pageAdapter.getItem(newPosition);
        fragmentToShow.onResumeFragment();

        FragmentLifecycle fragmentToHide = (FragmentLifecycle)pageAdapter.getItem(currentPosition);
        fragmentToHide.onPauseFragment();

        currentPosition = newPosition;
    }

    @Override
    public void onPageScrolled(int arg0, float arg1, int arg2) { }

    public void onPageScrollStateChanged(int arg0) { }
};

I didn't write the code. Full tutorial here: http://looksok.wordpress.com/2013/11/02/viewpager-with-detailed-fragment-lifecycle-onresumefragment-including-source-code/


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