linux 使用密鑰登錄windows server 2016

背景:想要使用ssh從linux遠程登錄到windows server 2016,執行windows上的命令行

實踐:

1,在windows server上安裝openssh,選擇合適的版本,64位系統選擇:OpenSSH-Win64.zip 

設置成自動啓動: Set-Service -Name sshd -StartupType ‘Automatic’

啓動 sshd 服務
net start sshd

停止sshd 服務
net stop sshd

2,在windows上創建密鑰

到openssh目錄中執行:.\ssh-keygen 連續回車直到結束

生成文件到:

3.配置

找到C:\ProgramData\ssh\sshd_config文件,調整配置,加上下面配置

RSAAuthentication yes # 允許rsa

PubkeyAuthentication yes # 允許公鑰登錄

PermitRootLogin yes # 允許root登錄

配置後整體文件如下:

# This is the sshd server system-wide configuration file.  See
# sshd_config(5) for more information.

# The strategy used for options in the default sshd_config shipped with
# OpenSSH is to specify options with their default value where
# possible, but leave them commented.  Uncommented options override the
# default value.

#Port 22
#AddressFamily any
#ListenAddress 0.0.0.0
#ListenAddress ::

#HostKey __PROGRAMDATA__/ssh/ssh_host_rsa_key
#HostKey __PROGRAMDATA__/ssh/ssh_host_dsa_key
#HostKey __PROGRAMDATA__/ssh/ssh_host_ecdsa_key
#HostKey __PROGRAMDATA__/ssh/ssh_host_ed25519_key

# Ciphers and keying
#RekeyLimit default none

# Logging
#SyslogFacility AUTH
#LogLevel INFO

# Authentication:

#LoginGraceTime 2m

RSAAuthentication yes
PubkeyAuthentication yes
PermitRootLogin yes

#PermitRootLogin prohibit-password
#StrictModes yes
#MaxAuthTries 6
#MaxSessions 10

#PubkeyAuthentication yes

# The default is to check both .ssh/authorized_keys and .ssh/authorized_keys2
# but this is overridden so installations will only check .ssh/authorized_keys
AuthorizedKeysFile    .ssh/authorized_keys

#AuthorizedPrincipalsFile none

# For this to work you will also need host keys in %programData%/ssh/ssh_known_hosts
#HostbasedAuthentication no
# Change to yes if you don't trust ~/.ssh/known_hosts for
# HostbasedAuthentication
#IgnoreUserKnownHosts no
# Don't read the user's ~/.rhosts and ~/.shosts files
#IgnoreRhosts yes

# To disable tunneled clear text passwords, change to no here!
#PasswordAuthentication yes
#PermitEmptyPasswords no

# GSSAPI options
#GSSAPIAuthentication no

#AllowAgentForwarding yes
#AllowTcpForwarding yes
#GatewayPorts no
#PermitTTY yes
#PrintMotd yes
#PrintLastLog yes
#TCPKeepAlive yes
#UseLogin no
#PermitUserEnvironment no
#ClientAliveInterval 0
#ClientAliveCountMax 3
#UseDNS no
#PidFile /var/run/sshd.pid
#MaxStartups 10:30:100
#PermitTunnel no
#ChrootDirectory none
#VersionAddendum none

# no default banner path
#Banner none

# override default of no subsystems
Subsystem    sftp    sftp-server.exe

# Example of overriding settings on a per-user basis
#Match User anoncvs
#    AllowTcpForwarding no
#    PermitTTY no
#    ForceCommand cvs server

Match Group administrators
       AuthorizedKeysFile __PROGRAMDATA__/ssh/administrators_authorized_keys
View Code

C:\ProgramData\ssh\如下:

4.配置linux機器端

想要從linux遠程登錄到windows,所以應該將windows上生成的私鑰copy到linux的ssh目錄

複製id_rsa內容,切換到root後複製到linux的/home/***/.ssh中創建id_rsa_jmp

修改權限 chmod 600 id_rsa_jmp

5,測試從linux登錄到windows

ssh -i ~/.ssh/id_rsa_jmp **@windows host ip

測試成功!

 

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