原创 Psychology Glossary 111

Object Performance: The recognition that objects exist independently of an individual's action or awareness; an importan

原创 迴避條件作用 & 逃避條件作用

負強化的兩種條件作用類型:逃避條件作用和迴避條件作用逃避條件作用:當厭惡刺激或不愉快情境出現時,有機體做出某種反應,從而逃避了厭惡刺激或不愉快情境,則該反應在以後的類似情景中發生的概率便增加。逃避條件作用是一種消極強化的條件作用類型,它揭示

原创 Psychology Glossary 112

Occipital Lobe: Rearmost region of the brain; contains primary visual cortex.枕葉:大腦最後面的區域;包含初級視覺皮層。Olfaction: The sense o

原创 Psychology Glossary 109

Nightmare: A frightening dream that usually wakes up the sleeper.夢魘:通常會把睡眠者驚醒的可怕的夢。Nonconscious: Not typically available

原创 Psychology Glossary 110

Norm Crystallization: The convergence of the expectations of a group of individuals into a common perspective as they ta

原创 Psychology Glossary 108

Neurogenesis: The creation of new neurons.神經發生:產生新的神經元。Neuromodulator: Any substance that modifies or modulates the acti

原创 Psychology Glossary 107

Natural Selection: Darwin's theory that favorable adaptations to features of the environment allow some members of a spe

原创 Psychology Glossary 106

Motor Cortex: The region of cerebral cortex that controls the action of the body's voluntary muscles.運動皮層:大腦皮層中控制身體隨意肌活動

原创 Psychology Glossary 105

Morality: A system of beliefs and values that ensures that individuals will keep their obligations to others in society

原创 Psychology Glossary 101

Manic Episode: A component of bipolar disorder characterized by periods of extreme elation, unbounded euphoria without s

原创 Psychology Glossary 103

Memory: The mental capacity to encode, store, and retrieve information.記憶:編碼、存儲和檢索信息的心理能力。Menarche: The onset of menstru

原创 Psychology Glossary 102

Measure of Central Tendency: A statistic, such as a mean, median, or mode, that provides one score as representative of

原创 Psychology Glossary 100

Loudness: A perceptual dimension of sound influenced by the amplitude of a sound wave; sound waves in large amplitudes a

原创 Psychology Glossary 104

Metamemory: Implicit or explicit knowledge about memory abilities and effective memory strategies; cognition about memor

原创 Psychology Glossary 98

Lightness Constancy: The tendency to perceive the whiteness, grayness, or blackness of objects as constant across changi